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1896-1966. Sometimes Yasushi Murata. Born in Yokohama as the son of a sake seller, Murata left school in his mid-teens and began his career drawing film posters. Joining Yokohama Cinema in 1923, he moved onto drawing the intertitles for silent movies and cartoons. Inspired by the sight of foreign cartoons imported by Yokohama Cinema, he set up his own animation company, debuting with Why Is the Giraffe's Neck So Long? (1927, Giraffe no Kubi wa Naze Nagai?). Murata used paper-cut animation, but used his paper like anime cels, in anticipation of later developments in animation, his most famous work arguably being Animal Olympics (1928, Dobutsu Olympic Taikai). He joined the Nippon Manga Eiga company after World War II, but retired soon after due to illness.