Cogito: What effect has American Culture had on the development and creation of anime?
Doesn’t this bring us all the way back to the very beginning? Isn’t there that old chestnut about anime’s signature “big eyes” being a carryover from early animators’ very conscious attempt to emulate Mickey Mouse’s over-sized peepers?Obviously, this is all about cross-cultural exchange - - artistic symbiosis. American toons influence earlier anime, which in turn influenced American toons in the 80s.
I had the great opportunity to meet one of the directors of G.I. JOE: THE MOVIE (the cartoon one from the 80s, not the live action one with Darth Maul) and he told me that all the animators on that project consciously looked at anime to borrow techniques. And that was in 80s! I’m sure there were hundreds of similar exchanges that happened between then and now, but if you want a really recent example of the ball getting served back…. look at PANTY & STOCKING. It looks like something you’d see on NickToons, right?
As for American culture in general? I’m sure everybody’s already aware of the curious ways that Japan takes from US pop culture.When I went to Tokyo in the 90s, I remember seeing teens trying their best to look like greasers from the 50s - - because, apparently, that was cool at the time. I’m sure there’s a sociology paper out there somewhere that gets into more eloquent detail than I can, here. Suffice it to say, we live in a world that’s ever-shrinking. Influences are flying freely across the Pacific - - so much so that it’s a lot harder to say who influenced whom.