"Well Captain Marvel has the advantage in physical strength. I'll use SSJ4 Goku as an example. He was powering up while lifting a large portion a city as an SSJ4 and he was struggling. Even Marvel Hercules is stronger than that. And Captain Marvel can contend with Superman (who is much stronger than Marvel Hercules) in terms of physical strength so he has the advantage in physical strength. Sure Vegeta can channel ki into his fists to enhance the force of his strikes but Captain Marvel can enhance his strikes with energy as well so Vegeta is at a disadvantage in physical strength. In terms of durability you can't make a very good case for Vegeta. SSJ4 Goku effortlessly survived temperatures that exceed the Sun's surface temperature, Marvel Thor did something similar, he showed no signs of discomfort, although I can't exactly remember whether Thor was sitting in the core of the Sun or on its surface. Either way it is a similar durability feat. This could imply that SSJ4 Goku's durability is similar to Thor's, that they have nearly the same level of durability. This would mean that SSJ4 Vegeta's durability would be similar. And Marvel characters like Thor pale in comparison to the durability of the likes of Superman and Captain Marvel. So I'd say Captain Marvel is more durable. Not only because of that but because he has withstood countless unrestrained punches from the likes of Superman without being seriously injured. I also believe Captain Marvel is faster. He possesses the speed of Mercury and has even had Superman admitting that he is much faster than him. Superman even believes that Captain Marvel is fast enough to catch The Flash. He is clearly capable of moving massively FTL that even Superman cannot contend with him. I'd say he is faster, as I for one do not believe DBZ characters are faster than light. Even if they were there wouldn't be a way to determine if they are faster than someone at or near The Flash's level of speed, in my opinion at least. The only DBZ character I believe cane exceed the speed of light is Goku using IT.Though Vegeta has the edge in energy projection, Captain Marvel can use the power of Zeus to magically reinforce his impressive durability. Not to mention he has access to Zeus' lightning bolts. Captain Marvel can also cast certain magic spells that would be trouble for Vegeta. I believe he would win against SSJ4 Vegeta. ND "
Thor has Goku beat by a lot millions degrees.
Thor in the core of the sun vs Goku tanking the Sun's surface temperatures is like comparing putting someone in a furnace to taking a dip in the artic waters.
I don't want to go into a scannerama of Thor's durability feats, but SSJ4 Goku isn't going to hold out.